Video input devices can have one or more tuners
demodulating a RF signal. Each tuner is associated with one or more
video inputs, depending on the number of RF connectors on the tuner.
type field of the respective
struct v4l2_input returned by the
VIDIOC_ENUMINPUT ioctl is set to
V4L2_INPUT_TYPE_TUNER and its
tuner field contains the index number of
Radio input devices have exactly one tuner with index zero, no video inputs.
To query and change tuner properties applications use the
VIDIOC_S_TUNER ioctls, respectively. The
struct v4l2_tuner returned by
contains signal status information applicable when the tuner of the
current video or radio input is queried. Note that
VIDIOC_S_TUNER does not switch the current tuner,
when there is more than one at all. The tuner is solely determined by
the current video input. Drivers must support both ioctls and set the
V4L2_CAP_TUNER flag in the struct v4l2_capability
returned by the
VIDIOC_QUERYCAP ioctl when the device has one or
Video output devices can have one or more modulators, uh,
modulating a video signal for radiation or connection to the antenna
input of a TV set or video recorder. Each modulator is associated with
one or more video outputs, depending on the number of RF connectors on
the modulator. The
type field of the
respective struct v4l2_output returned by the
VIDIOC_ENUMOUTPUT ioctl is
V4L2_OUTPUT_TYPE_MODULATOR and its
modulator field contains the index number
of the modulator.
Radio output devices have exactly one modulator with index zero, no video outputs.
A video or radio device cannot support both a tuner and a
modulator. Two separate device nodes will have to be used for such
hardware, one that supports the tuner functionality and one that supports
the modulator functionality. The reason is a limitation with the
VIDIOC_S_FREQUENCY ioctl where you cannot specify whether the frequency
is for a tuner or a modulator.
To query and change modulator properties applications use
VIDIOC_S_MODULATOR ioctl. Note that
VIDIOC_S_MODULATOR does not switch the current
modulator, when there is more than one at all. The modulator is solely
determined by the current video output. Drivers must support both
ioctls and set the
V4L2_CAP_MODULATOR flag in
the struct v4l2_capability returned by the
VIDIOC_QUERYCAP ioctl when the
device has one or more modulators.
To get and set the tuner or modulator radio frequency
applications use the
ioctl which both take a pointer to a struct v4l2_frequency. These ioctls
are used for TV and radio devices alike. Drivers must support both
ioctls when the tuner or modulator ioctls are supported, or
when the device is a radio device.