Hauppauge WinTV-HVR-950Q

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Package.jpg

A hybrid ATSC USB 2.0 device by Hauppauge.

The digital side of the device is supported under Linux since kernel 2.6.26. Analog support was merged into the mainline v4l-dvb tree on March 18, 2009.

Note: This device, the HVR-950Q, is significantly different from the older HVR-950 model, so please be sure to differentiate between the two. For information on the older model, see the WinTV-HVR-950 article.


Contents

Overview/Features

The device supports NTSC, 8-VSB and QAM.

Components Used

  • Xceive XC5000 (tuner and analog demodulator)
  • Auvitek AU8522 (A/V decoder analog demodulator [not used], and digital demodulator)
  • Auvitek AU0828 (USB bridge)

Identification

This descriptor is from a unit packaged as a "WinTV HVR 950Q, model 1176", which is shipped with the A/V cables and toy-sized antenna and a remote:

lsusb -v

Bus 001 Device 022: ID 2040:7200 Hauppauge 
Device Descriptor:                         
  bLength                18                
  bDescriptorType         1                
  bcdUSB               2.00                
  bDeviceClass            0 (Defined at Interface level)
  bDeviceSubClass         0                             
  bDeviceProtocol         0                             
  bMaxPacketSize0        64                             
  idVendor           0x2040 Hauppauge                   
  idProduct          0x7200                             
  bcdDevice            0.05                             
  iManufacturer           1                             
  iProduct                2                             
  iSerial                10                             
  bNumConfigurations      1                             
  Configuration Descriptor:                             
    bLength                 9                           
    bDescriptorType         2                           
    wTotalLength          267                           
    bNumInterfaces          4                           
    bConfigurationValue     1                           
    iConfiguration          0                           
    bmAttributes         0x80                           
      (Bus Powered)                                     
    MaxPower              500mA                         
    Interface Descriptor:                               
      bLength                 9                         
      bDescriptorType         4                         
      bInterfaceNumber        0                         
      bAlternateSetting       0                         
      bNumEndpoints           2                         
      bInterfaceClass       255 Vendor Specific Class   
      bInterfaceSubClass    255 Vendor Specific Subclass
      bInterfaceProtocol    255 Vendor Specific Protocol
      iInterface              0                         
      Endpoint Descriptor:                              
        bLength                 7                       
        bDescriptorType         5                       
        bEndpointAddress     0x81  EP 1 IN              
        bmAttributes            3                       
          Transfer Type            Interrupt            
          Synch Type               None                 
          Usage Type               Data                 
        wMaxPacketSize     0x0000  1x 0 bytes           
        bInterval               5                       
      Endpoint Descriptor:                              
        bLength                 7                       
        bDescriptorType         5                       
        bEndpointAddress     0x82  EP 2 IN              
        bmAttributes            1                       
          Transfer Type            Isochronous          
          Synch Type               None                 
          Usage Type               Data                 
        wMaxPacketSize     0x0000  1x 0 bytes           
        bInterval               1                       
    Interface Descriptor:                               
      bLength                 9                         
      bDescriptorType         4                         
      bInterfaceNumber        0                         
      bAlternateSetting       1                         
      bNumEndpoints           2                         
      bInterfaceClass       255 Vendor Specific Class   
      bInterfaceSubClass    255 Vendor Specific Subclass
      bInterfaceProtocol    255 Vendor Specific Protocol
      iInterface              0                         
      Endpoint Descriptor:                              
        bLength                 7                       
        bDescriptorType         5                       
        bEndpointAddress     0x81  EP 1 IN              
        bmAttributes            3                       
          Transfer Type            Interrupt            
          Synch Type               None                 
          Usage Type               Data                 
        wMaxPacketSize     0x0002  1x 2 bytes           
        bInterval               5                       
      Endpoint Descriptor:                              
        bLength                 7                       
        bDescriptorType         5                       
        bEndpointAddress     0x82  EP 2 IN              
        bmAttributes            1                       
          Transfer Type            Isochronous          
          Synch Type               None                 
          Usage Type               Data                 
        wMaxPacketSize     0x0300  1x 768 bytes         
        bInterval               1                       
    Interface Descriptor:                               
      bLength                 9                         
      bDescriptorType         4                         
      bInterfaceNumber        0                         
      bAlternateSetting       2                         
      bNumEndpoints           2                         
      bInterfaceClass       255 Vendor Specific Class   
      bInterfaceSubClass    255 Vendor Specific Subclass
      bInterfaceProtocol    255 Vendor Specific Protocol
      iInterface              0                         
      Endpoint Descriptor:                              
        bLength                 7                       
        bDescriptorType         5                       
        bEndpointAddress     0x81  EP 1 IN              
        bmAttributes            3                       
          Transfer Type            Interrupt            
          Synch Type               None                 
          Usage Type               Data                 
        wMaxPacketSize     0x0002  1x 2 bytes           
        bInterval               5                       
      Endpoint Descriptor:                              
        bLength                 7                       
        bDescriptorType         5                       
        bEndpointAddress     0x82  EP 2 IN              
        bmAttributes            1                       
          Transfer Type            Isochronous          
          Synch Type               None                 
          Usage Type               Data                 
        wMaxPacketSize     0x03fc  1x 1020 bytes        
        bInterval               1                       
    Interface Descriptor:                               
      bLength                 9                         
      bDescriptorType         4                         
      bInterfaceNumber        0                         
      bAlternateSetting       3                         
      bNumEndpoints           2                         
      bInterfaceClass       255 Vendor Specific Class   
      bInterfaceSubClass    255 Vendor Specific Subclass
      bInterfaceProtocol    255 Vendor Specific Protocol
      iInterface              0                         
      Endpoint Descriptor:                              
        bLength                 7                       
        bDescriptorType         5                       
        bEndpointAddress     0x81  EP 1 IN              
        bmAttributes            3                       
          Transfer Type            Interrupt            
          Synch Type               None                 
          Usage Type               Data                 
        wMaxPacketSize     0x0002  1x 2 bytes           
        bInterval               5                       
      Endpoint Descriptor:                              
        bLength                 7                       
        bDescriptorType         5                       
        bEndpointAddress     0x82  EP 2 IN              
        bmAttributes            1                       
          Transfer Type            Isochronous          
          Synch Type               None                 
          Usage Type               Data                 
        wMaxPacketSize     0x0400  1x 1024 bytes        
        bInterval               1                       
    Interface Descriptor:                               
      bLength                 9                         
      bDescriptorType         4                         
      bInterfaceNumber        0                         
      bAlternateSetting       4                         
      bNumEndpoints           2                         
      bInterfaceClass       255 Vendor Specific Class   
      bInterfaceSubClass    255 Vendor Specific Subclass
      bInterfaceProtocol    255 Vendor Specific Protocol
      iInterface              0                         
      Endpoint Descriptor:                              
        bLength                 7                       
        bDescriptorType         5                       
        bEndpointAddress     0x81  EP 1 IN              
        bmAttributes            3                       
          Transfer Type            Interrupt            
          Synch Type               None                 
          Usage Type               Data                 
        wMaxPacketSize     0x0002  1x 2 bytes           
        bInterval               5                       
      Endpoint Descriptor:                              
        bLength                 7                       
        bDescriptorType         5                       
        bEndpointAddress     0x82  EP 2 IN              
        bmAttributes            1                       
          Transfer Type            Isochronous          
          Synch Type               None                 
          Usage Type               Data                 
        wMaxPacketSize     0x0c00  2x 1024 bytes        
        bInterval               1                       
    Interface Descriptor:                               
      bLength                 9                         
      bDescriptorType         4                         
      bInterfaceNumber        0                         
      bAlternateSetting       5                         
      bNumEndpoints           2                         
      bInterfaceClass       255 Vendor Specific Class   
      bInterfaceSubClass    255 Vendor Specific Subclass
      bInterfaceProtocol    255 Vendor Specific Protocol
      iInterface              0                         
      Endpoint Descriptor:                              
        bLength                 7                       
        bDescriptorType         5                       
        bEndpointAddress     0x81  EP 1 IN              
        bmAttributes            3                       
          Transfer Type            Interrupt            
          Synch Type               None                 
          Usage Type               Data                 
        wMaxPacketSize     0x0002  1x 2 bytes           
        bInterval               5                       
      Endpoint Descriptor:                              
        bLength                 7                       
        bDescriptorType         5                       
        bEndpointAddress     0x82  EP 2 IN              
        bmAttributes            1                       
          Transfer Type            Isochronous          
          Synch Type               None                 
          Usage Type               Data                 
        wMaxPacketSize     0x1400  3x 1024 bytes        
        bInterval               1                       
    Interface Descriptor:                               
      bLength                 9                         
      bDescriptorType         4                         
      bInterfaceNumber        1                         
      bAlternateSetting       0                         
      bNumEndpoints           0                         
      bInterfaceClass         1 Audio                   
      bInterfaceSubClass      1 Control Device          
      bInterfaceProtocol      0                         
      iInterface             11                         
      AudioControl Interface Descriptor:                
        bLength                 9                       
        bDescriptorType        36                       
        bDescriptorSubtype      1 (HEADER)              
        bcdADC               1.00                       
        wTotalLength           38                       
        bInCollection           1                       
        baInterfaceNr( 0)       2                       
      AudioControl Interface Descriptor:                
        bLength                12                       
        bDescriptorType        36                       
        bDescriptorSubtype      2 (INPUT_TERMINAL)      
        bTerminalID             1                       
        wTerminalType      0x0602 Digital Audio Interface
        bAssocTerminal          0                        
        bNrChannels             2                        
        wChannelConfig     0x0003                        
          Left Front (L)                                 
          Right Front (R)                                
        iChannelNames           0                        
        iTerminal               0                        
      AudioControl Interface Descriptor:                 
        bLength                 9                        
        bDescriptorType        36                        
        bDescriptorSubtype      3 (OUTPUT_TERMINAL)      
        bTerminalID             2                        
        wTerminalType      0x0101 USB Streaming          
        bAssocTerminal          0                        
        bSourceID               3                        
        iTerminal               0                        
      AudioControl Interface Descriptor:                 
        bLength                 8                        
        bDescriptorType        36                        
        bDescriptorSubtype      6 (FEATURE_UNIT)         
        bUnitID                 3                        
        bSourceID               1                        
        bControlSize            1                        
        bmaControls( 0)      0x01                        
          Mute                                           
        iFeature                0                        
    Interface Descriptor:                                
      bLength                 9                          
      bDescriptorType         4                          
      bInterfaceNumber        2                          
      bAlternateSetting       0                          
      bNumEndpoints           1                          
      bInterfaceClass         1 Audio                    
      bInterfaceSubClass      2 Streaming                
      bInterfaceProtocol      0                          
      iInterface             11                          
      Endpoint Descriptor:                               
        bLength                 7                        
        bDescriptorType         5                        
        bEndpointAddress     0x84  EP 4 IN               
        bmAttributes            5                        
          Transfer Type            Isochronous           
          Synch Type               Asynchronous          
          Usage Type               Data                  
        wMaxPacketSize     0x0000  1x 0 bytes            
        bInterval               1                        
    Interface Descriptor:                                
      bLength                 9                          
      bDescriptorType         4                          
      bInterfaceNumber        2                          
      bAlternateSetting       1                          
      bNumEndpoints           1                          
      bInterfaceClass         1 Audio                    
      bInterfaceSubClass      2 Streaming                
      bInterfaceProtocol      0                          
      iInterface             11                          
      AudioStreaming Interface Descriptor:               
        bLength                 7                        
        bDescriptorType        36                        
        bDescriptorSubtype      1 (AS_GENERAL)           
        bTerminalLink           2                        
        bDelay                  1 frames                 
        wFormatTag              1 PCM                    
      AudioStreaming Interface Descriptor:               
        bLength                11                        
        bDescriptorType        36                        
        bDescriptorSubtype      2 (FORMAT_TYPE)          
        bFormatType             1 (FORMAT_TYPE_I)        
        bNrChannels             2                        
        bSubframeSize           2                        
        bBitResolution         16                        
        bSamFreqType            1 Discrete               
        tSamFreq[ 0]        48000                        
      Endpoint Descriptor:
        bLength                 7
        bDescriptorType         5
        bEndpointAddress     0x84  EP 4 IN
        bmAttributes            5
          Transfer Type            Isochronous
          Synch Type               Asynchronous
          Usage Type               Data
        wMaxPacketSize     0x0100  1x 256 bytes
        bInterval               4
        AudioControl Endpoint Descriptor:
          bLength                 7
          bDescriptorType        37
          bDescriptorSubtype      1 (EP_GENERAL)
          bmAttributes         0x00
          bLockDelayUnits         0 Undefined
          wLockDelay              0 Undefined
    Interface Descriptor:
      bLength                 9
      bDescriptorType         4
      bInterfaceNumber        3
      bAlternateSetting       0
      bNumEndpoints           1
      bInterfaceClass       255 Vendor Specific Class
      bInterfaceSubClass    255 Vendor Specific Subclass
      bInterfaceProtocol    255 Vendor Specific Protocol
      iInterface              0
      Endpoint Descriptor:
        bLength                 7
        bDescriptorType         5
        bEndpointAddress     0x83  EP 3 IN
        bmAttributes            2
          Transfer Type            Bulk
          Synch Type               None
          Usage Type               Data
        wMaxPacketSize     0x0200  1x 512 bytes
        bInterval               0
Device Qualifier (for other device speed):
  bLength                10
  bDescriptorType         6
  bcdUSB               2.00
  bDeviceClass            0 (Defined at Interface level)
  bDeviceSubClass         0
  bDeviceProtocol         0
  bMaxPacketSize0        64
  bNumConfigurations      1
Device Status:     0x0000
  (Bus Powered)

Making it Work

Firmware

In order to use the LinuxTV driver, you need to download and install the firmware for the xc5000. Some distributions already bundle the firmware in the official repositories. Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic) includes it by default, Fedora 16+ includes it in the default linux-firmware package, and Debian Testing (Squeeze) includes it in the firmware-linux-nonfree package.

Kernel 2.6.30 and earlier:

 wget http://www.steventoth.net/linux/xc5000/HVR-12x0-14x0-17x0_1_25_25271_WHQL.zip
 wget http://www.steventoth.net/linux/xc5000/extract.sh
 sh extract.sh
 cp dvb-fe-xc5000-1.1.fw /lib/firmware

Kernel 2.6.31 and later:

 wget http://www.kernellabs.com/firmware/xc5000/dvb-fe-xc5000-1.6.114.fw
 mv dvb-fe-xc5000-1.6.114.fw /lib/firmware/
Note: Though the usual directory location in which the firmware file is placed is /lib/firmware, this may differ in the case of some distros; consult your distro's documentation for the appropriate location.

The firmware will be added lazily (on-demand) when you first use the driver.

Kernel 2.6.31 firmware issues

When running this kernel version, loading of the firmware takes very long, and prevents MythTV from working properly. To deal with this problem you can use xc5000's no_poweroff=1 module option, to prevent the device from sleeping (after which firmware has to be reloaded)

Drivers

The xc5000 driver needed for this WinTV-HVR-950Q is already part of the latest Linux kernel (part of v4l-dvb drivers).

Analog support was merged into the mainline v4l-dvb tree on March 18, 2009.

Note: In the past, the HVR-950Q has had known issues with MythTV that prevent it from working. These should be fixed with the latest version. They were worked by the 950q maintainer (Devin Heitmueller). For more details, take a look at the KernelLabs blog for status updates: KernelLabs Blog

Sample Kernel Output

After you plug-in the device on a USB 2.0 port (it won't work with a USB 1.1) and use the driver for the first time (eg, by scanning channels), you may see something like this on dmesg:

usb 1-3: new high speed USB device using ehci_hcd and address 3
usb 1-3: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
au0828: i2c bus registered
tveeprom 0-0050: Hauppauge model 72001, rev B3F0, serial# 5280879
tveeprom 0-0050: MAC address is 00-0D-FE-XX-XX-XX
tveeprom 0-0050: tuner model is Xceive XC5000 (idx 150, type 4)
tveeprom 0-0050: TV standards NTSC(M) ATSC/DVB Digital (eeprom 0x88)
tveeprom 0-0050: audio processor is AU8522 (idx 44)
tveeprom 0-0050: decoder processor is AU8522 (idx 42)
tveeprom 0-0050: has no radio, has IR receiver, has no IR transmitter
hauppauge_eeprom: hauppauge eeprom: model=72001
xc5000 0-0061: creating new instance
xc5000: Successfully identified at address 0x61
xc5000: Firmware has not been loaded previously
DVB: registering new adapter (au0828)
DVB: registering adapter 0 frontend 0 (Auvitek AU8522 QAM/8VSB Frontend)...
Registered device AU0828 [Hauppauge HVR950Q]
usb 1-3: New USB device found, idVendor=2040, idProduct=7200
usb 1-3: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=10
usb 1-3: Product: WinTV HVR-950
usb 1-3: Manufacturer: Hauppauge
usb 1-3: SerialNumber: 000000000

After an application open the device the first time, the module will load the firmware. You will see:

xc5000: waiting for firmware upload (dvb-fe-xc5000-1.1.fw)...
i2c-adapter i2c-2: firmware: requesting dvb-fe-xc5000-1.1.fw
xc5000: firmware read 12332 bytes.
xc5000: firmware upload

Analog Audio

To have analog audio in tvtime I am using following bash script to start the tvtime (There are two versions of SOX command - for OSS and for Alsa. Also, this version disables screen saver in KDE4, instead of using dbus interface, this could be some other command):

#!/bin/sh
tvtime &>/dev/null &
tPID=$!
echo "Started TVTime, PID: $tPID"
sleep 1
# OSS version:
#sox -r 48000 -b 16 -c 2 -t ossdsp /dev/dsp1 -t ossdsp /dev/dsp &>/dev/null &
# Alsa version:
sox -t alsa hw:1,0 -t alsa default &>/dev/null &
sPID=$!
echo "Started SOX, PID: $sPID"
# Simulator Activity (to disable Screen Saver):
( while true; do sleep 10; /usr/bin/qdbus org.freedesktop.ScreenSaver  /ScreenSaver SimulateUserActivity; done ) &>/dev/null &
aPID=$!
echo "Started activity simulator (to disable Screen Saver), PID: $aPID"
while true; do
  sleep 2
  tRUN=$( ps -p $tPID -o pid --no-headers )
  sRUN=$( ps -p $sPID -o pid --no-headers )
  if [ "$tRUN" = "" ]; then
    echo "TVTime exited. Closing SOX + activity simulator and exiting."
    kill $sPID
    kill $aPID
    exit
  fi
  if [ "$sRUN" = "" ]; then
    echo "SOX exited. Closing TVTime + activity simulator and exiting."
    kill $tPID
    kill $aPID
    exit
  fi
done

External Links

Hauppauge 950Q product page

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