9. Remote Controller devices

9.1. Remote Controller core

enum rc_driver_type

type of the RC output

Constants

RC_DRIVER_SCANCODE
Driver or hardware generates a scancode
RC_DRIVER_IR_RAW
Driver or hardware generates pulse/space sequences. It needs a Infra-Red pulse/space decoder
RC_DRIVER_IR_RAW_TX
Device transmitter only, driver requires pulse/space data sequence.
struct rc_scancode_filter

Filter scan codes.

Definition

struct rc_scancode_filter {
  u32 data;
  u32 mask;
};

Members

data
Scancode data to match.
mask
Mask of bits of scancode to compare.
enum rc_filter_type

Filter type constants.

Constants

RC_FILTER_NORMAL
Filter for normal operation.
RC_FILTER_WAKEUP
Filter for waking from suspend.
RC_FILTER_MAX
Number of filter types.
struct rc_dev

represents a remote control device

Definition

struct rc_dev {
  struct device dev;
  bool managed_alloc;
  const struct attribute_group * sysfs_groups;
  const char * device_name;
  const char * input_phys;
  struct input_id input_id;
  const char * driver_name;
  const char * map_name;
  struct rc_map rc_map;
  struct mutex lock;
  unsigned int minor;
  struct ir_raw_event_ctrl * raw;
  struct input_dev * input_dev;
  enum rc_driver_type driver_type;
  bool idle;
  bool encode_wakeup;
  u64 allowed_protocols;
  u64 enabled_protocols;
  u64 allowed_wakeup_protocols;
  enum rc_proto wakeup_protocol;
  struct rc_scancode_filter scancode_filter;
  struct rc_scancode_filter scancode_wakeup_filter;
  u32 scancode_mask;
  u32 users;
  void * priv;
  spinlock_t keylock;
  bool keypressed;
  unsigned long keyup_jiffies;
  struct timer_list timer_keyup;
  u32 last_keycode;
  enum rc_proto last_protocol;
  u32 last_scancode;
  u8 last_toggle;
  u32 timeout;
  u32 min_timeout;
  u32 max_timeout;
  u32 rx_resolution;
  u32 tx_resolution;
  int (* change_protocol) (struct rc_dev *dev, u64 *rc_proto);
  int (* open) (struct rc_dev *dev);
  void (* close) (struct rc_dev *dev);
  int (* s_tx_mask) (struct rc_dev *dev, u32 mask);
  int (* s_tx_carrier) (struct rc_dev *dev, u32 carrier);
  int (* s_tx_duty_cycle) (struct rc_dev *dev, u32 duty_cycle);
  int (* s_rx_carrier_range) (struct rc_dev *dev, u32 min, u32 max);
  int (* tx_ir) (struct rc_dev *dev, unsigned *txbuf, unsigned n);
  void (* s_idle) (struct rc_dev *dev, bool enable);
  int (* s_learning_mode) (struct rc_dev *dev, int enable);
  int (* s_carrier_report) (struct rc_dev *dev, int enable);
  int (* s_filter) (struct rc_dev *dev,struct rc_scancode_filter *filter);
  int (* s_wakeup_filter) (struct rc_dev *dev,struct rc_scancode_filter *filter);
  int (* s_timeout) (struct rc_dev *dev,unsigned int timeout);
};

Members

dev
driver model’s view of this device
managed_alloc
devm_rc_allocate_device was used to create rc_dev
sysfs_groups
sysfs attribute groups
device_name
name of the rc child device
input_phys
physical path to the input child device
input_id
id of the input child device (struct input_id)
driver_name
name of the hardware driver which registered this device
map_name
name of the default keymap
rc_map
current scan/key table
lock
used to ensure we’ve filled in all protocol details before anyone can call show_protocols or store_protocols
minor
unique minor remote control device number
raw
additional data for raw pulse/space devices
input_dev
the input child device used to communicate events to userspace
driver_type
specifies if protocol decoding is done in hardware or software
idle
used to keep track of RX state
encode_wakeup
wakeup filtering uses IR encode API, therefore the allowed wakeup protocols is the set of all raw encoders
allowed_protocols
bitmask with the supported RC_PROTO_BIT_* protocols
enabled_protocols
bitmask with the enabled RC_PROTO_BIT_* protocols
allowed_wakeup_protocols
bitmask with the supported RC_PROTO_BIT_* wakeup protocols
wakeup_protocol
the enabled RC_PROTO_* wakeup protocol or RC_PROTO_UNKNOWN if disabled.
scancode_filter
scancode filter
scancode_wakeup_filter
scancode wakeup filters
scancode_mask
some hardware decoders are not capable of providing the full scancode to the application. As this is a hardware limit, we can’t do anything with it. Yet, as the same keycode table can be used with other devices, a mask is provided to allow its usage. Drivers should generally leave this field in blank
users
number of current users of the device
priv
driver-specific data
keylock
protects the remaining members of the struct
keypressed
whether a key is currently pressed
keyup_jiffies
time (in jiffies) when the current keypress should be released
timer_keyup
timer for releasing a keypress
last_keycode
keycode of last keypress
last_protocol
protocol of last keypress
last_scancode
scancode of last keypress
last_toggle
toggle value of last command
timeout
optional time after which device stops sending data
min_timeout
minimum timeout supported by device
max_timeout
maximum timeout supported by device
rx_resolution
resolution (in ns) of input sampler
tx_resolution
resolution (in ns) of output sampler
change_protocol
allow changing the protocol used on hardware decoders
open
callback to allow drivers to enable polling/irq when IR input device is opened.
close
callback to allow drivers to disable polling/irq when IR input device is opened.
s_tx_mask
set transmitter mask (for devices with multiple tx outputs)
s_tx_carrier
set transmit carrier frequency
s_tx_duty_cycle
set transmit duty cycle (0% - 100%)
s_rx_carrier_range
inform driver about carrier it is expected to handle
tx_ir
transmit IR
s_idle
enable/disable hardware idle mode, upon which, device doesn’t interrupt host until it sees IR pulses
s_learning_mode
enable wide band receiver used for learning
s_carrier_report
enable carrier reports
s_filter
set the scancode filter
s_wakeup_filter
set the wakeup scancode filter. If the mask is zero then wakeup should be disabled. wakeup_protocol will be set to a valid protocol if mask is nonzero.
s_timeout
set hardware timeout in ns
struct rc_dev * rc_allocate_device(enum rc_driver_type)

Allocates a RC device

Parameters

enum rc_driver_type
specifies the type of the RC output to be allocated returns a pointer to struct rc_dev.
struct rc_dev * devm_rc_allocate_device(struct device * dev, enum rc_driver_type)

Managed RC device allocation

Parameters

struct device * dev
pointer to struct device
enum rc_driver_type
specifies the type of the RC output to be allocated returns a pointer to struct rc_dev.
void rc_free_device(struct rc_dev * dev)

Frees a RC device

Parameters

struct rc_dev * dev
pointer to struct rc_dev.
int rc_register_device(struct rc_dev * dev)

Registers a RC device

Parameters

struct rc_dev * dev
pointer to struct rc_dev.
int devm_rc_register_device(struct device * parent, struct rc_dev * dev)

Manageded registering of a RC device

Parameters

struct device * parent
pointer to struct device.
struct rc_dev * dev
pointer to struct rc_dev.
void rc_unregister_device(struct rc_dev * dev)

Unregisters a RC device

Parameters

struct rc_dev * dev
pointer to struct rc_dev.
int rc_open(struct rc_dev * rdev)

Opens a RC device

Parameters

struct rc_dev * rdev
pointer to struct rc_dev.
void rc_close(struct rc_dev * rdev)

Closes a RC device

Parameters

struct rc_dev * rdev
pointer to struct rc_dev.
enum rc_proto

the Remote Controller protocol

Constants

RC_PROTO_UNKNOWN
Protocol not known
RC_PROTO_OTHER
Protocol known but proprietary
RC_PROTO_RC5
Philips RC5 protocol
RC_PROTO_RC5X_20
Philips RC5x 20 bit protocol
RC_PROTO_RC5_SZ
StreamZap variant of RC5
RC_PROTO_JVC
JVC protocol
RC_PROTO_SONY12
Sony 12 bit protocol
RC_PROTO_SONY15
Sony 15 bit protocol
RC_PROTO_SONY20
Sony 20 bit protocol
RC_PROTO_NEC
NEC protocol
RC_PROTO_NECX
Extended NEC protocol
RC_PROTO_NEC32
NEC 32 bit protocol
RC_PROTO_SANYO
Sanyo protocol
RC_PROTO_MCIR2_KBD
RC6-ish MCE keyboard
RC_PROTO_MCIR2_MSE
RC6-ish MCE mouse
RC_PROTO_RC6_0
Philips RC6-0-16 protocol
RC_PROTO_RC6_6A_20
Philips RC6-6A-20 protocol
RC_PROTO_RC6_6A_24
Philips RC6-6A-24 protocol
RC_PROTO_RC6_6A_32
Philips RC6-6A-32 protocol
RC_PROTO_RC6_MCE
MCE (Philips RC6-6A-32 subtype) protocol
RC_PROTO_SHARP
Sharp protocol
RC_PROTO_XMP
XMP protocol
RC_PROTO_CEC
CEC protocol
struct rc_map_table

represents a scancode/keycode pair

Definition

struct rc_map_table {
  u32 scancode;
  u32 keycode;
};

Members

scancode
scan code (u32)
keycode
Linux input keycode
struct rc_map

represents a keycode map table

Definition

struct rc_map {
  struct rc_map_table * scan;
  unsigned int size;
  unsigned int len;
  unsigned int alloc;
  enum rc_proto rc_proto;
  const char * name;
  spinlock_t lock;
};

Members

scan
pointer to struct rc_map_table
size
Max number of entries
len
Number of entries that are in use
alloc
size of *scan, in bytes
rc_proto
type of the remote controller protocol, as defined at enum rc_proto
name
name of the key map table
lock
lock to protect access to this structure
struct rc_map_list

list of the registered rc_map maps

Definition

struct rc_map_list {
  struct list_head list;
  struct rc_map map;
};

Members

list
pointer to struct list_head
map
pointer to struct rc_map
int rc_map_register(struct rc_map_list * map)

Registers a Remote Controler scancode map

Parameters

struct rc_map_list * map
pointer to struct rc_map_list
void rc_map_unregister(struct rc_map_list * map)

Unregisters a Remote Controler scancode map

Parameters

struct rc_map_list * map
pointer to struct rc_map_list
struct rc_map * rc_map_get(const char * name)

gets an RC map from its name

Parameters

const char * name
name of the RC scancode map

9.2. LIRC

struct lirc_driver

Defines the parameters on a LIRC driver

Definition

struct lirc_driver {
  char name;
  int minor;
  __u32 code_length;
  unsigned int buffer_size;
  __u32 features;
  unsigned int chunk_size;
  void * data;
  int min_timeout;
  int max_timeout;
  struct lirc_buffer * rbuf;
  struct rc_dev * rdev;
  const struct file_operations * fops;
  struct device * dev;
  struct module * owner;
};

Members

name
this string will be used for logs
minor
indicates minor device (/dev/lirc) number for registered driver if caller fills it with negative value, then the first free minor number will be used (if available).
code_length
length of the remote control key code expressed in bits.
buffer_size
Number of FIFO buffers with chunk_size size. If zero, creates a buffer with BUFLEN size (16 bytes).
features
lirc compatible hardware features, like LIRC_MODE_RAW, LIRC_CAN_*, as defined at include/media/lirc.h.
chunk_size
Size of each FIFO buffer.
data
it may point to any driver data and this pointer will be passed to all callback functions.
min_timeout
Minimum timeout for record. Valid only if LIRC_CAN_SET_REC_TIMEOUT is defined.
max_timeout
Maximum timeout for record. Valid only if LIRC_CAN_SET_REC_TIMEOUT is defined.
rbuf
if not NULL, it will be used as a read buffer, you will have to write to the buffer by other means, like irq’s (see also lirc_serial.c).
rdev
Pointed to struct rc_dev associated with the LIRC device.
fops
file_operations for drivers which don’t fit the current driver model. Some ioctl’s can be directly handled by lirc_dev if the driver’s ioctl function is NULL or if it returns -ENOIOCTLCMD (see also lirc_serial.c).
dev
pointer to the struct device associated with the LIRC device.
owner
the module owning this struct